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Nelson Mandela's Family Launches Wine Company

Nelson Mandela's Family Launches Wine Company

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Political reformer's daughter, granddaughter joined the wine business


A lot of big names have tried their hands at the wine business. There's Coppola, Barrymore, Pitt, and now even Mandela, as the family of the political reformer and former president of South Africa has launched a line of wines.

According to the Huffington Post, House of Mandela Wines launched its line of red, white, and sparkling wines at the 2013 South Beach Wine and Food Festival. The bottles have screw caps and are emblazoned with the company's bee-shaped logo, which the company says symbolizes compassion, sharing, humanity, and "one who is brave enough to challenge the status quo."

"We are praising our ancestors," said Tukwini Mandela, Nelson Mandela's granddaughter. "We are telling the story of our family and who we come from with these wines so it's only natural that we would use the name Mandela."

"The wine movement is growing," she continued. "More and more people are experimenting with wine beyond spirit drinks. And there's a large segment of the black community who is interested in wine now."

House of Mandela Wines range from $12 to $50 a bottle, and the company says it intends to donate a portion of proceeds from its wines to charitable groups in South Africa.

Mandela Reported Suffering From Tuberculosis

Nelson R. Mandela, the 70-year-old jailed black nationalist leader, has contracted tuberculosis and had been ill for days and coughing up blood when he was taken to a Cape Town hospital last week, his attorney said Tuesday.

“He’s very thin. He’s on his feet, but very suddenly he looks very old,” the lawyer, Ismail Ayob, said after seeing his client Tuesday morning.

Two days earlier, doctors at Tygerberg Hospital, where Mandela is being treated in a wing reserved for blacks, said he had only a chronic lung inflammation and was recovering well.

Dr. J. G. L. Strauss, the hospital superintendent, refused Tuesday night to say whether Mandela had tuberculosis, a highly contagious airborne virus that usually affects the lungs.

“We stick by what Mandela has authorized us to say,” Strauss said.

Asked whether Mandela’s life is in danger, Ayob said, “I can’t say until we get permission for our own doctors to see him.” He said he learned of the diagnosis from one of the hospital’s doctors.

Tuberculosis is a growing problem in this country, with more than 55,000 cases reported annually, according to the South Africa National Tuberculosis Assn. About 3,000 people die every year here of the disease.

Mandela’s sudden illness, after more than 26 years in prison, could present the white minority-led government with one of its most serious crises in many months, perhaps forcing South Africa to release the black leader soon on humanitarian grounds.

Mandela, serving a life sentence for sabotage and conspiracy to overthrow the government, has become an international symbol of black resistance to apartheid. He is the leader of the outlawed African National Congress, the principal guerrilla group fighting the South African government.

Earlier Tuesday, the ANC issued a statement from its headquarters in Lusaka, Zambia, accusing the government of “callous neglect” in treating Mandela.

The statement said the ANC was “reliably informed that before hospitalization (Mandela) was lying in bed, unable to eat and exercise, and had difficulties of speech for a whole week. Although the prison authorities were obviously aware that he was ill, nothing was done.”

However, the South African Prisons Department, in a statement late Tuesday, said Mandela’s illness, which it did not specify, was treated promptly. It said Mandela became ill July 28 and was seen by doctors in his prison cell regularly.

Mandela’s family, including his wife, Winnie, appealed to President Pieter W. Botha through a family spokesman Tuesday to allow its own team of doctors to see the patient. Botha did not immediately respond.

On Sunday, the government said Mandela had undergone minor surgery Saturday to drain fluid from his left lung. It was Mandela’s first foray outside prison walls since 1982.

After seeing her husband Tuesday, Winnie Mandela was surrounded by hundreds of patients and hospital staff. She raised her fist in a black power salute as black and mixed-race patients shouted “Viva Mandela!”

The racially segregated hospital is being guarded by police and the fourth floor, where Mandela’s room is located, has been sealed off.

Pressure Builds for Release

International pressure for the black leader’s release has been building in recent weeks among supporters as well as opponents of the government. Government officials have acknowledged that Mandela’s death in jail would likely make him a martyr and trigger uncontrolled violence among angry blacks. But the government also fears that Mandela’s release could result in similar civil uprisings.

As recently as July 29, his attorney was telling reporters that Mandela was in excellent health and good spirits. Mandela, now gray-haired, had been riding an exercise bicycle for hours each morning and had the taut skin of a man much younger than his years, Ayob said.

But “it is clear that his condition has been deteriorating for some time,” Ayob said Tuesday. When Mandela was taken to the hospital, he was unable to speak and was spitting up blood, Ayob said Mandela told him.

Ayob, speaking with reporters upon his return to Johannesburg, said a doctor had given him and Winnie Mandela the diagnosis. The doctor refused to answer Mrs. Mandela’s questions, Ayob said.

Tuberculosis is a severe problem in South Africa. It is especially prevalent among the country’s 26 million blacks, doctors say, because they live in poorly ventilated, overcrowded homes where it easily spreads.

Of the 57,457 new cases of tuberculosis reported in South Africa in 1986, for example, 43,000 were cured and 3,100--slightly more than 5%--died. South Africa’s health care is generally highly regarded internationally.

Johannesburg Bureau Assistant Mike Cadman contributed to this article.

As managing editor, Scott Kraft oversees the Los Angeles Times newsroom, including Column One, enterprise, investigations and Sports. During more than three decades at The Times, Kraft has been a national and foreign correspondent as well as deputy managing editor/news and national editor. He was a New York-based national writer for the Associated Press before joining The Times as a staff writer in its Chicago bureau. He later was The Times’ bureau chief in Nairobi, Johannesburg and Paris. He covered the release of Nelson Mandela and the end of apartheid as well as the ill-fated U.S. military mission in Somalia, among other major stories. His story for the Los Angeles Times magazine on the AIDS epidemic in Africa won the SPJ Distinguished Service Award for Foreign Correspondence. As national editor, he directed work that won four Pulitzer Prizes. He has been a Pulitzer Prize finalist in feature writing, and was a Pulitzer Prize juror in international reporting in 2014 and chair of the public service jury in 2015 and the international reporting jury in 2020. He also is on the Board of Governors for the Overseas Press Club of America. Kraft was born in Kansas City, Mo., and has a bachelor’s degree in journalism from Kansas State University.

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Mandela’s 90th birthday year celebrates diversity of ideas

Achmat Dangor announces the celebrations for Nelson Mandela's 90th birthday.

(Image: Nelson Mandela Foundation)

March 5 2008 – Nelson Mandela’s charity organisations announced their plans in Johannesburg to celebrate the former South African president’s 90th birthday, which is on July 18 this year.

Among the highlights of the year are the following:

  • The sixth annual Nelson Mandela Lecture, to be delivered by Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, the president of Liberia and first elected woman African president, in Kliptown, Soweto, on July 12
  • A 46664 90th Birthday Concert in Hyde Park in London on June 27
  • In July, the Mandela Rhodes Foundation will launch a leadership facility for young Mandela Rhodes Scholars and future leaders in the Western Cape
  • The Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund will host a joint sitting of Children’s Parliaments from seven Southern African countries via satellite in June
  • The launch of the Mandela School Community Network by the Nelson Mandela Institute for Educational and Rural Development and the Department of Education, later this year.

Nelson Mandela Foundation (NMF) chairperson Prof Jakes Gerwel gave tribute to Mr Mandela’s legacy at the event, which was attended by Madiba himself, his wife, Graça Machel, his daughters Zindzi and Zenani and other family members, as well as other invited dignitaries and the media.

Mr Mandela’s daughters Zenani and Zindzi in the audience.

(Image: Nelson Mandela Foundation)

“He decided to dedicate his life to the principles of freedom, non-racism and non-sexism,” said Gerwel. “And in the end, despite the suffering of him and his compatriots, South Africa triumphed – we all triumphed.”

Prof Gerwel said the birthday events programme, entitled “A Celebration of Ideas”, demonstrated Mr Mandela’s and the organisations’ “commitment to work for the upliftment of our country over at least the next 90 years”.

“Madiba has decided to join us here today not only to see all of you and to thank you for your support in making freedom a reality, but also to witness as we again make our pledge to him and to you, that we will continue his work on the long road ahead. We know that this road is a long one but we promise Madiba that we have the stamina and determination to travel it,” said Prof Gerwel.

46664 Communication and Public Relations Manager Chantal Cuddumbey said support for the Hyde Park concert “has been amazing”. “It is indeed fitting that 20 years after the “Free Mandela” concert which was held at Wembley Stadium, London will be the city hosting an event to celebrate Nelson Mandela’s life and legacy,” said Cuddumbey.

Kimberley Porteus, director of the Nelson Mandela Institute for Educational and Rural Development, addressed Mr Mandela in isiXhosa:“Ulonwabele usuku lwakho oluhle lokuzalwa Tata, kutata sibamba ngazo zozibini, siyafunda kancinane.” (Have a great birthday, Tata. We are grateful for the work that you have done. We are learning slowly but surely.)

She outlined the launch of the Mandela School Community Network in May “as an engine for wider school change”. Porteus said the institute would choose schools in rural areas that demonstrate excellence and serve impoverished children.

Porteus said she committed the organisation to “re-imagine, replan and recommit to the realisation of justice in education in our lifetime”.

After the announcement, she said: “It’s an honour for us to be taking forward Madiba’s work in education, committing to the vision of achieving a dignified education collectively.”

Nelson Mandela Foundation Chairperson Prof Jakes Gerwel shares a moment with Mr Nelson Mandela

Asked how she would celebrate Madiba’s 90th year, Porteus said: “On Mr Mandela’s birthday, we will sing, dance, and celebrate the fact that human beings can make such a difference is one lifetime.”

Chief Executive of The Mandela Rhodes Foundation, Shaun Johnson, said: “In July as part of the 90th birthday celebrations &hellip we’ll be announcing the launch of a very exciting, very innovative new leadership facility for young Mandela Rhodes Scholars and future leaders.” The Mandela Rhodes Foundation Scholarships programme “identifies and nurtures the young people who will be the leaders of our continent

SA Liberian Ambassador Lois Brutus said it was an honour for President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf to be the guest speaker for the sixth Nelson Mandela Annual Lecture.

“It is a pleasure for the first elected female African president to be guest speaker on such an occasion, and for me, the Kliptown venue is so moving.

“My president has accepted, and whether it is raining or snowing or shining, she will definitely be here.”

Previous speakers at the annual lecture were former United States President Bill Clinton, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Kenyan Nobel Laureate Wangari Mathai, President Thabo Mbeki and former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan.

Prof Gerwel said President Johnson-Sirleaf was an obvious choice. “She was the first elected African woman president. She is tackling the great task of bringing stability to a country that was torn apart over the past couple of years. She is an exemplary African politician.”

Sibongile Mkhabela, chairperson of the Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund, said: “We will use the Celebration of Ideas to help change the way society treats children.”

“The Children’s Fund therefore will firstly have celebrations that are Southern Africa-oriented. We’ll be really looking at the identity of the African child.”

“We’ll also be creating an original platform, parliaments that are orientated towards children. We will have parliaments in at least six regional countries these will be intended to assist young people and children in strengthening the democracy that we all appreciate and value.”

One of Mr Mandela’s daughters, Zindzi Mandela, said: “We are obviously immensely proud. It’s great to see his legacy being documented now that he is in his sunset years. Thank you, South Africa.” She also urged the nation to remember the example her father has set the country during currently difficult political times.

Prof Gerwel, who is chairperson of the Mandela Rhodes Foundation as well as the NMF, said afterwards, “All the organisations are working together in a sustained celebration over the year.”

Dangor said the programme of events had been developed with Mr Mandela’s philosophy in mind. “These events have to be inclusive, they musn’t be elite and they must focus on people who can most benefit from the activity, and that is why we’re focusing on the young people this year,” he said.

“I think all he would want to see is that we do not exclude people, we do not undermine the fundamental ethos that he believes in, such as non-racialism and an ability to reach out to all people, especially ordinary people,” he added.

Dangor said there would be no public events on Mr Mandela’s birthday on July 18, which he will spend with his family at his home in Qunu, Eastern Cape.

Tragedy dogged the triumphant Nelson Mandela

JOHANNESBURG, South Africa — The moment would haunt Nelson Mandela all his life. It was 1948, and he was in a hospital watching his baby daughter struggle for life.

The child, Makaziwe, or Maki, died as he watched. She was 9 months old.

Mandela’s life was Kennedyesque in its combination of great political achievement and heartbreaking personal tragedy.

Mandela would also lose both his sons — in a car accident and to AIDS. And in 2010, on a day of great national pride, he missed the soccer World Cup opening after his great-granddaughter, 13-year-old schoolgirl Zenani, was killed in a car accident on the way home from the kickoff concert the previous night.

In South Africa’s brutal Robben Island prison, it wasn’t the bad food, the uncomfortable cell or the hard labor that tormented him. It was his separation from his family, particularly his mother and his second wife, Winnie, and their two daughters, Zeni and Zindzi.

In prison he felt the guilt of a workaholic, absent husband and father who had traveled often, neglecting those closest to him for the sake of the struggle against apartheid. He spent the rest of his life trying to make up for it, according to biographer Charlene Smith.

Mandela’s agony is revealed in a series of letters written from prison to Winnie and to friends, published in Mandela’s final book, “Conversations with Myself.”

He wrote to Irene Buthelezi, wife of then-ANC activist Mangosuthu Buthelezi, in 1969, opening his heart about the deaths of his baby daughter and a son.

Maki was in a hospital, apparently recovering from illness, when her condition suddenly deteriorated.

“I managed to see her during the critical moments when she was struggling desperately to hold within her tender body the last sparks of life, which were flickering away. I have never known whether or not I was fortunate to witness that grievous scene,” Mandela wrote.

But nothing prepared him for the death of “the pride of my heart,” his older son, Thembi, in the same year as the letter. (Thembi, like Maki, was from his first marriage.)

Mandela compared his grief to that suffered by a tribal chief savaged by a lion, whose wounds had to be cauterized with a red hot spear.

He remembered coming home from an overseas trip studying African liberation movements and revolutionaries in 1962 to meet Thembi, then 17, proudly wearing a slightly-too-big pair of Mandela’s own trousers. He was deeply touched. He knew his son was a snappy dresser and had no need at all for his trousers.

The last time Mandela saw Thembi — anxious and afraid that his father would get the death penalty — was at his trial for sabotage five years before the young man was killed in a car crash.

“The news was broken to me about 2.30 p.m. Suddenly my heart seemed to have stopped beating and the warm blood that had freely flown in my veins for the last 51 years froze to ice,” he wrote. “For some time, I could neither think nor talk and my strength appeared to be draining out. Eventually I found my way back to my cell with a heavy load on my shoulders and the last place where a man stricken with sorrow should be.”

His request to attend the funeral was denied. It was the second time in a year he’d been denied such a request. Authorities hadn’t let him attend his mother’s funeral, another death that hit him hard.

“I had never dreamt that I would not be able to bury Ma,” he wrote in a 1969 letter.

When he was in prison, Winnie was harassed and imprisoned. She spent time in solitary confinement and under house arrest. She sent their two daughters to stay with friends in Swaziland.

“I feel as though I have been soaked in gall, every part of me, my flesh, bloodstream, bone and soul, so bitter I am to be completely powerless to help you in the rough and fierce ordeals that you are going through,” he wrote her in 1970. He missed her terribly, and used to note down in his diary the outfit she was wearing whenever she visited, and her appearance.

In a 1976 letter to her, he mourned “my sleeping without you next to me and my waking up without you close to me, the passing of the day without my having seen you.”

He wrote to his daughters, then 8 and 10, in June 1969 to try to console them when their mother had been taken away to prison too:

“Once again our beloved Mummy has been arrested and now she and Daddy are away in jail. It may be many months or even years before you will see her again. For long, you may live like orphans, without your home and parents, without the natural love, affection and protection that Mummy used to give you. Perhaps never again will Mummy and Daddy join you in house number 8115 Orlando West, the one place in the whole world that is so dear to our hearts.”

After his release from prison in 1990, he had to endure Winnie’s infidelity. In March 1996, the president took the stand in a packed Johannesburg courtroom to publicly accuse “the defendant” of adultery with an ANC aide. Mandela said that after his release from prison, his wife had never entered their bedroom while he was awake.

Mandela married two years later. And he found happiness in his marriage with Graca Machel, widow of the former president of Mozambique, saying, “I don’t regret the … setbacks I’ve had because, late in my life, I am blooming like a flower.”

But more sorrow was to come. His surviving son, Makgatho, died of AIDS in 2005. Mandela was the first African leader to acknowledge losing a family member to the illness, which still carries a stigma here.

Critics of the Mandela clan have sometimes attacked an extravagance and arrogance of some members of the extended family who seem out of step with the patriarch’s ideals and humility.

Even Mandela himself wasn’t averse to bling: He reportedly gave his daughter Zindzi a silver Mercedes for her recent 50th birthday.

Critics raised concern that the party, where champagne flowed and guests got extravagant take-home gifts, was sponsored by an individual or company, not paid for by the family. Mandela himself didn’t attend because of deteriorating health.

Zindzi’s mother, Winnie, present at the party, had recently been embroiled in yet another scandal when her car was stopped for speeding recklessly, just six months after the death of her great-granddaughter in a speeding car.

Smith, Mandela’s authorized biographer, said Mandela was human and that his Achilles’ heel was his family.

“Mandela is a man. A very great man, but his weak point was his family,” she wrote in a 2011 column on Mandela.

“He felt eternally responsible for the suffering of his children and Winnie while he was in prison and he never stopped trying to heal their pain.”

Messy Fight Over Mandela Trust Goes Public

JOHANNESBURG — Nelson Mandela was livid. He believed that two of his daughters, working with a lawyer he had recently fired, were trying to meddle in his financial affairs. So he summoned the daughters, Makaziwe Mandela and Zenani Dlamini, to his home here for a family meeting in April 2005. According to two people present, he gave them a withering talking-to.

“Mr. Mandela made it clear,” Bally Chuene, Mr. Mandela’s current lawyer, said this month in a sworn statement, “that he did not want them involved in his affairs.”

At the time, the daughters appeared to acquiesce to Mr. Mandela’s wish to appoint independent trustees to a trust he had created to provide for his descendants. According to the statement, they agreed to the appointment of Mr. Chuene and George Bizos, a veteran human rights lawyer and close associate of Mr. Mandela, as trustees to a trust financed by the sale of paintings of Mr. Mandela’s handprints.

But the daughters secretly amended the trust document, with the help of Mr. Mandela’s estranged lawyer, Ismail Ayob, according to statements by Mr. Chuene and Mr. Bizos. And by 2011, they were seeking to distribute much of the trust’s money, about $1.3 million, among Mr. Mandela’s children and grandchildren, despite the insistence of the independent trustees that he wanted the money to last for generations.

Now the matter is in court, with Mr. Mandela’s daughters seeking to remove Mr. Bizos and Mr. Chuene as trustees of the boards of two companies that support the Mandela Trust, arguing that they were improperly appointed. The case has brought into the open a long-simmering dispute over who will control Mr. Mandela’s financial legacy after he dies.

The latest documents to emerge in the increasingly messy legal fight portray Mr. Mandela’s daughters and other relatives as being willing to trample on his expressed wishes to get their hands on money he set aside for his descendants’ welfare.

Makaziwe Mandela, who sits on several corporate boards, runs a wine company called House of Mandela and speaks for her sister, declined to comment on the affidavits, as did Mr. Ayob.

Mr. Mandela, 94 and in frail health, spent 27 years in prison in his battle against apartheid, emerging in 1990 to lead the African National Congress in a negotiated end to the brutal system of racial separation. He became South Africa’s first black president, stepping down in 1999 after one term to pursue charity work. He retired from public life in 2004, and has largely disappeared from view as his health has declined.

The extent of the family’s wealth is not publicly known. Mr. Mandela received a presidential salary and pension, and his autobiography, “Long Walk to Freedom,” was a best-seller. But he never worked in the private sector, and his personal wealth is believed to be relatively modest.

Mr. Mandela was the first to admit that his life as an anti-apartheid activist and his long imprisonment meant that his family was often neglected. He had six children with two wives, both of whom he divorced. He is now married to Graça Machel, a children’s rights activist and former first lady of Mozambique.

“To be the father of a nation is a great honor, but to be the father of a family is a greater joy,” Mr. Mandela wrote in his autobiography. “But it is a joy I had far too little of.”

Makaziwe Mandela said in an earlier interview that her father had been a distant figure her entire life. “My father knows us, but never really knows us,” she said. “We never really had that opportunity to develop that bond.”

The fragile relationship between Mr. Mandela and his daughters was strained even further in a second family meeting on June 11, 2006.

“The meeting was very heated and, in some respects, unpleasant,” Mr. Chuene said in his statement. “Mr. Mandela was furious.”

His daughters, Mr. Chuene said, “had allowed themselves to be used by Mr. Ayob and had continued to associate themselves with him knowing full well that he had terminated his relationship with Mr. Ayob.”

“He was moreover upset that they continued to be involved in his personal affairs despite his clear instructions,” Mr. Chuene said.

Soon after, the trustees met in November 2006 to choose board members for the companies that fed the Mandela Trust, and Mr. Bizos, Mr. Chuene and two others were named to the boards.

Then, in August 2011, Ms. Dlamini, who is South Africa’s ambassador to Argentina, called for another family meeting “to discuss the financial constraints that she and other members of Mr. Mandela’s family were experiencing,” Mr. Chuene said in his statement. At the meeting, family members asked that the money in the two companies that feed the trust be distributed directly to them.

“As a confidant of Mr. Mandela, I know that his wishes in relation to the three general trusts established by him was that these ought to provide long-term assurance, to the extent possible, for the support and education of the beneficiaries, which would include generations to come,” Mr. Bizos said in a sworn statement. “I was, accordingly, concerned to learn in the last quarter of 2011 of a proposal for the distribution of almost the entire capital of the Mandela Trust in lump sums.”

He added that whenever any member of the family had requested money from the trust it had been granted.

Not long after, Ms. Mandela and Ms. Dlamini’s lawyer, Mr. Ayob, started writing letters to Mr. Bizos and the other board members demanding that they resign. When they refused, Mr. Mandela’s daughters took them to court, and what had been a quiet disagreement became a very public battle over the legacy of a man many here consider a secular saint.

Nelson Mandela's granddaughter on fair trade and her family's wine business

Nelson Mandela's granddaughter Tukwini Mandela says running a fair trade business is an important part of staying true to her family's legacy.

Mandela is in Winnipeg this week to speak at the National Fair Trade Conference and to promote her family's winery, House of Mandela. The fair trade enterprise sells wine made from grapes grown in South African vineyards. A premium is included in the price of each bottle of House of Mandela wine, and it goes directly back to labourers, said Mandela.

"It's there to maintain the dignity of the farm workers," Mandela said, "paying for the health, for the education, for their salaries." If the wine is purchased from a farm co-op, the premium is reinvested in the farm, she said.

"People see a final bottle of wine, but they don't necessarily [see] the work that actually goes into it," Mandela said. House of Mandela hopes to bring the people who make the wine to the forefront.

Concerns about marketing Mandela

At first the family was not sure about using Nelson Mandela's image to sell a product, even if it is fair trade, Mandela said. Her grandfather's image was already "over-commercialized," she said.

In the end, she and her mother decided they would use his image because Nelson Mandela is a proud son in a long line of Mandelas.

"It's about the house of Mandela, where he comes from," she said.

"We just decided that this is our name, this is our legacy we have to own it."

Mandela was 19 when Nelson Mandela was released from jail and when he was freed, building relationships with his family took time, she said.

"The emotional connection wasn't necessarily there.… He sort of had to learn that from scratch," she said.

Many people assume Nelson Mandela fell from the sky, she said, but he is from a family that for generations has fought for social justice.

The wine business was "a great way for us to just tell our family story without necessarily politicizing it."

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Nova Scotia mass shooter obsessed by spectre of pandemic disaster, violence

HALIFAX — The spectre of pandemic-fuelled social chaos and widespread looting appeared to haunt the Nova Scotia mass shooter a month before he carried out his killing rampage of April 18-19, 2020. Twenty-two people — including a pregnant woman — were killed in the 13 hours of shootings and house burnings that began in Portapique, N.S., and carried on in several other communities the next morning. Over the past year, a provincial court judge has been gradually releasing portions of witness statements used by police to obtain search warrants, with the latest disclosure on Wednesday evening. In one of the court documents released, Ontario lawyer Kevin Von Bargen told police he was a friend of Gabriel Wortman's and that shortly after the pandemic started in Nova Scotia, the killer became "convinced that the world economy was going to collapse." The documents refer to an email Wortman sent Von Bargen on March 18, exactly one month before he began his rampage. As described by police in a document to obtain a warrant, the killer told Von Bargen he was "getting a bunch of ammunition because when the government stops handing out money people will be desperate and will start to steal, rob and pilfer from people." Wortman told his friend "it was going to be worse than the depression because there was no way to stop the sickness (COVID-19) and it was like a forest fire," the document says. In a summary of a March 19 email to an unnamed person, the gunman is quoted as writing, "Thank God we are well armed." Wortman's spouse, Lisa Banfield, even told police that the killer had bought up large quantities of rice and other food. She said he was "paranoid" that the federal government was going to seize people's money in exchange for shares of some sort. As previous releases of witness statements have revealed, during the weeks before the mass killing, the murderer turned his investments into cash and purchased over $800 worth of gasoline and propane. After the killings, police would find $705,000 wrapped in tin foil packages inside an ammunition can at one of the gunman's Portapique properties, the documents say. Some were noticing the killer's behaviour in those final weeks, the court records suggest. After the killer pulled up at a Brinks Canada office in Halifax on March 20, 2020 to pick up $475,000 in cash — driving one of the Ford Taurus vehicles heɽ purchased from the federal government — a Brinks employee noted it looked like a police car and found it odd that the reflective tape was still on the vehicle. In addition, a person whose name is blanked out told police on April 19 last year that the killer "ordered large amounts of ammunition within the past month and picked it up at (name redacted)." Police have charged Banfield, her brother James Banfield and her brother-in-law Brian Brewster with unlawfully supplying ammunition to the killer in the month before the mass shooting. All three are pleading not guilty, and police have said they "had no prior knowledge" of Wortman's intentions. Not all of Wortman's shifts in behaviour appear to have been driven by the pandemic, according to witness statements to police. For example, Von Bargen said in the year before the shooting, "(the gunman) switched from being obsessed with vintage Honda motorcycles to police cars and was buying the cars off a (federal) government surplus website." The killer would carry out his shootings while disguised as an RCMP officer and driving a replica patrol car. The court documents contain records of the killer's PayPal purchases of gear he would use to create a replica RCMP vehicle, extending back to March 22, 2019. Websites bookmarked on the killer's computer included information about some of the police car components he was buying and "11 Things You Didn't Know About Cop Cars." During the summer of 2019, Wortman described to Banfield how he had attached a bumper ram onto the police car heɽ bought from the federal government surplus store. Meanwhile, the killer's interest in guns, particularly his two semi-automatic rifles, was evident. Previous releases have indicated Wortman acquired the rifles illegally, one from a person he knew in Houlton, Maine, and the other through the estate of a deceased friend in Fredericton. The newly released documents say his computer bookmarks include sites with information about the Ruger Mini-14 semi-automatic rifle and the Colt C7 semi-automatic rifle. In addition, there is a note saying that on June 24, 2019, Wortman attended the non-restricted firearms course and completed it. However, police have stated that the killer didn't actually possess any licence to own firearms. When Wortman was killed by police on the morning of April 19 at a gas station in Enfield, N.S., he still had a large supply of ammunition on hand — as he possibly prepared to carry on to Halifax. According to statements by police firearms investigators, his Glock .40 calibre, semi-automatic pistol, with a laser pointer sighting grip, was on the front seat and it was loaded with an over-capacity magazine. To his immediate right there was a cardboard box with ammunition and a metal can containing more loaded ammunition magazines. Two rifles were lying in the back seat, including the Colt semi-automatic, with three loaded, over-capacity magazines, each with up to 30 rounds. The second semi-automatic rifle, the Ruger Mini 14, also had an over-capacity magazine designed to hold 40 rounds of .223 calibre bullets, and there were three more magazines ready to load — two of them over-capacity ones that could hold 40 rounds. There was also a Ruger P89, semi-automatic pistol, with an empty magazine in it and one round in the chamber, and he had the Smith and Wesson firearm belonging to RCMP Const. Heidi Stevenson, whom he had killed that morning, with 13 rounds in its chamber. In describing her spouse's attitude in the final weeks before the massacre, Banfield told police, "It was like he was preparing for the end of the world." This report by The Canadian Press was first published May 20, 2021. Michael Tutton and Michael MacDonald, The Canadian Press

Plan to restart B.C.'s economy as COVID restrictions ease Tuesday: premier

VICTORIA — The road map that lays out the path for British Columbia residents to get on with their post-pandemic lives will be revealed on Tuesday, says Premier John Horgan.Details will be announced of a provincial restart plan that benefits communities, residents and businesses after series of restrictions on gatherings, activities and travel since March last year, Horgan said Thursday."We're confident that the plan we'll lay out on Tuesday will be a positive one for all British Columbians, whether they are people of faith who want to get back to their temples, to their churches, to their gurdwaras, or people who want to get back onto the field and play a game," said Horgan.The province went back into health restrictions first imposed in March to slow the transmission of COVID-19 variants of concern in communities and bring down daily case counts that quickly rose above 1,000.The restrictions closed down indoor dining, adult group fitness activity, planned indoor faith services and placed limits on non-essential travel.Horgan said the restart will plot the direction ahead, but it will take time to reach the destination."All of that is just around the corner, but it has to be a slow and methodical approach," he said. "We're confident that come July we're going to be in a much better place."Provincial health officer Dr. Bonnie Henry said the restart plan will outline the route the province will take, but people should not expect an immediate, full-scale return to pre-pandemic days."It's not going to be everything at once," she said. "It's not going to be a light switch. It's going to be a dimmer switch."A spokesman for B.C.'s devastated tourism sector said the industry wants restrictions lifted on non-essential travel that have kept people contained to specific health authorities. "There have been a slew of cancellations to all parts of the province. There was a lot of business on the books that didn't materialize," said Walt Judas, Tourism Industry Association of B.C. chief executive officer. The non-essential travel restrictions were deeply felt by tourism operators who saw fishing, golfing and weekend getaway business dry up, he said.The tourism association wants to see provincial travel reopen next week, followed by increased interprovincial visitors and ultimately international tourists, said Judas.B.C.'s impending restart plan was raised earlier Thursday in the legislature, with the Opposition Liberals calling for a structured economic plan to help businesses survive the downturns during the COVID-19 pandemic. "Our businesses in B.C. are struggling," said interim Liberal Leader Shirley Bond. "They need certainty and what they need from this government is to finally give them a plan."B.C.'s restart plan must include set targets and timelines for businesses, she said.Economic Recovery Minister Ravi Kahlon acknowledged the hardships faced by businesses and B.C. residents and urged people to register for vaccinations and get immunized to help the province get back to normal again."People are tired," he said. "This pandemic has been hard on everyone."COVID-19 case counts in B.C. have been declining in recent weeks as immunizations increase following record-high numbers of hospitalizations and COVID-19 infections. On Thursday, there were 357 cases, the lowest number since mid-February. The Ontario government announced Thursday a three-step reopening plan set to start on the week of June 14.It said the plan to lift public health restrictions will be based on vaccination rates and other indicators.Ontario also said it planned to reopen outdoor recreational facilities on Saturday.This report by The Canadian Press was first published May 20, 2021. Dirk Meissner, The Canadian Press

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Mortgage stress tests set to tighten in wake of Bank of Canada warnings

OTTAWA — Canadians looking to buy homes will face stiffer mortgage tests in a few days as the federal government and a national regulator tighten rules in the wake of new warnings from the central bank that households are piling on too much debt. In its latest financial system review, the Bank of Canada said many households have taken on large mortgages compared with their income, limiting their flexibility to deal with an unforeseen financial shock like the loss of a job. Total household debt has increased by four per cent since the start of the pandemic, picking up sharply since the middle of last year as the housing market started to heat up. The percentage of costly loans, defined by the bank as those more than 4.5-times a household's income, have also risen above the peaks seen five years ago when policy-makers tightened mortgage rules. The bank's report said that the activity in the housing market and troubling figures on mortgages is reminiscent of 2016 just before stress tests were brought in on mortgage applications to make sure buyers could handle payments if interest rates rose. The Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions said Thursday that effective June 1, the qualifying rate on uninsured mortgages would be set at either two percentage points above the contract rate, or 5.25 per cent, whichever is greater. Hours later, the federal government, which had been pressed to follow suit, announced it would set the same standard for insured mortgages on the same day, effectively trying to prepare buyers for when interest rates rise from their current lows. “The recent and rapid rise in housing prices is squeezing middle-class Canadians across the entire country and raises concerns about the stability of the overall market," Finance Minister Chrystia Freeland said in a statement accompanying the announcement. "Maintaining the health and stability of Canada’s housing market is essential to protecting middle-class families and to Canada’s broader economic recovery." In its report, the Bank of Canada said the current housing boom may help the economy rebound in the short-term, but could lead to a future bust if households have to cut spending because of another downturn. And by biting off more than they can chew with a new mortgage, governor Tiff Macklem warned it may make those households more vulnerable to rising interest rates when it comes time to renew their loans, adding it was up to Canadians and lenders to be prudent. "The current rapid increases we've seen in prices — don't expect that those will continue indefinitely," Macklem told a news conference. "Don't expect that you can pull equity out and refinance your mortgage in the future on the basis that prices are going to continue to go up like we've seen." House prices were up 23 per cent nationally relative to a year earlier, the bank said in its report. The Canadian Real Estate Association said this week that the average price of a home sold in Canada in April was just under $696,000. The bank said the surge in prices is more widespread in cities than five years ago, when things were largely concentrated in and around Toronto and Vancouver. In the bank's view, the Greater Toronto Area, Hamilton and Montreal are overheated and Ottawa is on the precipice of joining them. With house prices rising, and supply of available homes lagging demand, some homeowners may be tempted to buy now out of concern that they won't be able to afford something in the future. The Bank of Canada's hands appear to be tied on its ability to raise its trend-setting policy rate that could pour cold water on anyone wanting to buy right now. Macklem said swaths of the economy still need central bank support and the labour market needs to add some 700,000 jobs to get the employment rate to where it needs to be before rates could rise. The review of the risks to the financial system also highlighted concerns about a too-soon withdrawal of government aid for businesses. Companies are concerned about their future viability when government support ends because much remains uncertain about what post-pandemic life and economic activity will look like, the central bank said. For banks and insurance companies, the Bank of Canada said cybersecurity remains one of their top concerns. This report by The Canadian Press was first published May 20, 2021. Jordan Press, The Canadian Press

Ontario prepares to reopen after punishing third COVID-19 wave

TORONTO (Reuters) -Ontario expects to permit outdoor gatherings of up to 10 people and allow non-essential retail to operate at 15% capacity starting the week of June 14, contingent on certain vaccination rates being met, the premier said on Thursday. The reopening will be confirmed closer to the date, Premier Doug Ford said. COVID-19 cases are falling steadily in Ontario, and new government modeling showed that if restrictions were maintained until mid-June, cases would likely remain under control.

Vaccine deliveries could be less than expected next month, new logistics commander says

The military commander leading vaccine logistics says the immunization campaign has hit its stride with millions of doses arriving each week, but she provided new figures Thursday that suggest shipments next month could be substantially lower than originally planned. In her first news conference since assuming command of the Public Health Agency of Canada's vaccine rollout, Brig.-Gen. Krista Brodie said Canada is expected to receive around 40 million vaccine doses by the end of June. That is less than the 48 to 50 million doses that Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Public Services and Procurement Minister Anita Anand have repeatedly said will arrive in the first six months of this year. Last month, during a COVID-19 briefing, Trudeau said "despite the temporary and short-term fluctuations in deliveries from our suppliers," Canada would receive "between 48 to 50 million doses of vaccine by the end of June." In question period on April 22, Anand told the House of Commons that, with Pfizer deliveries ramping up significantly, more doses would be on hand than originally forecast. "That is going to lead us to the larger part of between 48 million and 50 million doses by the end of June. That is transparency. We are saying it now, and we will continue to bring vaccines into Canada for all Canadians," Anand said. ɺ significant milestone,' but fewer than promised Now, Brodie said, the number of doses to be delivered will be "around the 40 million point, maybe slightly lower, slightly higher," because of ongoing delays with shipments from Moderna. "We are on track to deliver more than 40 million doses to provinces and territories by the end of June. It is a significant milestone," Brodie said. She later said it would be "up to 40 million doses" by the end of next month. WATCH: Officials say 40 million COVID-19 doses should be in Canada by end of June Joelle Paquette, the director general responsible for vaccine procurement at Public Services and Procurement Canada, said the government "continues to work with Moderna on a delivery calendar." "Our objective is to get as many doses as possible as quickly as possible, so we have been working with them to get some doses from their global logistics chain," she said. "We will be able to provide further details once we have better confirmation of their delivery capacity on a weekly basis — or when we know the next delivery arrives." Asked if this will have an impact on any planned vaccinations, Brodie said it's a question for the provinces. "Provinces and territories can speak to their own capacities to scale up their administration capacity. From a distribution perspective, we're really focused on distributing as many vaccines as we have," she said. Dr. Howard Njoo, Canada's deputy chief public health officer, said just how many shots the provinces can distribute "changes week to week as more doses roll in. The provinces and territories continue to enhance their capacity." Moderna delays have upended planned immunization clinics in the past. Last month, for example, some 10,000 appointments in Ontario were cancelled because there weren't enough shots after the company slashed planned deliveries in half. A federal official, speaking on background to CBC News, said they don't anticipate provinces will have to make any adjustments to appointments that have already been booked. "They have only been provided with information on confirmed shipments, and none of that information has changed," the official said. Workers unload a shipment of the Moderna COVID‑19 vaccine at the FedEx hub at Pearson International Airport in Toronto on Thursday, May 20, 2021.(Cole Burston/Canadian Press) The mRNA shot from the Massachusetts-based company is the second-most frequently used COVID-19 vaccine product in Canada. The company, which had never previously brought a drug to market, has had trouble meeting insatiable global demand for its product. While Canada was among the first countries to sign a procurement deal with Moderna, the company has had to cancel shipments or punt deliveries to a later date as it struggles with production issues. Because the U.S. government invested heavily in the early research and development of this product, Moderna had to send a certain number of doses to the American marketplace, an obligation that has resulted in reduced shipments to other countries. The company, which has few facilities on its own, is reliant on third-party finish-and-fill companies to churn out its product and ship it overseas. There have been delays in the quality-assurance process because of a shortage of skilled labour in Europe. The company was expected to send some 12.3 million doses to Canada by the end of June, for a total of 14.3 million shots in the first six months of this year. Earlier signs of problems There had already been early signs that the company might not hit that target. Speaking to reporters late last month, Maj.-Gen Dany Fortin, the military commander who was in charge of vaccine logistics before he was abruptly removed, said Moderna will come "as close as possible" to the number of doses it initially promised to deliver in the April-through-June period. When asked Thursday if the company was still on track to deliver those 12.3 million doses, a spokesperson for Moderna told CBC News the company is in close contact with the federal government. "Moderna continues to scale up vaccine manufacturing and remains fully focused on delivering vaccines to customers in Canada and around the world," said Patricia Gauthier, the general manager for Moderna's Canadian operations. Canada has ordered a total of 44 million doses from the company it is not yet known when the approximately 30 million shots on order that remain will arrive. WATCH: Brig.-Gen. Krista Brodie and Dr. Howard Njoo on status of AstraZeneca in Canada

What we know so far about Yukon's plan to verify whether someone is fully vaccinated

Questions are swirling inside Yukon's Legislative Assembly this week regarding the territorial government's plan to verify whether certain travellers are fully vaccinated against COVID-19. The territory's privacy commissioner is also weighing in, saying the government must carefully follow the rules around handling medical records. "People who are considering crossing the border are concerned about what rules are in place," Yukon Party MLA Brad Cathers told reporters. "They're concerned about whether their health information is protected." Come May 25, those who can prove they're fully vaccinated won't need to self-isolate for 14 days when they arrive in the territory. How travellers will prove that exactly, and by what means, are where concerns from the opposition bench lie. Government officials said this week that if someone wants to avoid the self-isolation period on arrival in Yukon, they will need to declare they've received two shots. In a bid to corroborate whether someone has, in fact, been fully vaccinated, travellers will be required to sign a consent waiver so the government can access their medical records. The Official Opposition has been demanding answers on how the government will ensure that information is safeguarded. Yukoners are ɼoncerned about whether their health information is protected,' said Yukon Party MLA Brad Cathers.(Claudiane Samson/Radio-Canada) Cathers said it remains unclear how medical records will be handled, and, with self-isolation restrictions easing in a matter of days, time is running out to clarify how they will be. Health Minister Tracy-Anne McPhee said Yukoners needn't worry — the government has the matter well in-hand. "We will do everything possible to make sure that we can verify vaccines in the least intrusive way and protect Yukoners," she said. "Privacy of individuals' healthcare records is absolutely paramount." Government needs to exercise caution: privacy commissioner There's a law that's specific to protecting people's medical records in the territory. Aptly named the Health Information Privacy and Management Act, this legislation places checks and balances on the collection, use and disclosure of these records. The government needs to closely follow it, said Diane McLeod-McKay, Yukon's information and privacy commissioner. "They have to make sure they're meeting those specific authorities and, of course, making sure there's adequate security for any information that they're collecting," she said. Immunization records are provided to Yukoners who have been vaccinated. Earlier this week, McPhee told reporters there's a possibility people can use them as another layer of proof. But McLeod-McKay said those records are susceptible to fraud. "It's not a secure piece of information," she said. "That explains to me why they're going to the medical record, because the medical record is the only thing they're going to get that actual proof." Yukon Information and Privacy Commissioner Diane McLeod-McKay said she's 'more than happy to help' ensure that people's privacy is adequately protected, but she hasn't yet been contacted by the government. (Alistair Maitland) McLeod-Mckay said she hasn't been contacted by the Yukon government regarding its vaccine verification plans. "If they want my assistance, I'm more than happy to help them with it," she said. Yukon ready to verify travellers, but only Yukoners and B.C. residents During a news conference on Wednesday, Premier Sandy Silver said Yukon is prepared to verify those who are returning to Yukon or residents of B.C. The same doesn't hold true for verifying travellers from around the country, he said. "I think we've been very clear that the proof required, we're very confident for Yukoners and we're very confident for people from British Columbia and we'll be working out the details for all other regions," he said. Developing a vaccine certificate, which would, in theory, make for more seamless travel, is being debated around the world. McPhee said such a certificate, while being considered across the country, is still a far-off prospect in Yukon.

1 person killed in parking lot shooting outside Nanaimo shopping centre

One person is dead and several people have been arrested following a shooting in Nanaimo, B.C., on Thursday afternoon. RCMP Const. Gary Oɻrien said the shooting in the parking lot of the Rock City Centre shopping plaza was reported at around 3:30 p.m. The victim was found dead inside a parked vehicle. Several arrests were made at the Best Western Hotel on Metral Drive in connection with the violence, Oɻrien said. A vehicle connected to one of the arrested people was seized as well, and investigators have searched the hotel for forensic evidence. "This is a dynamic investigation and at this time we cannot confirm if there are others who are not in custody who may be involved in this shooting. As further information becomes known, the public will be advised," Oɻrien said in a statement. Police have yet to say whether the shooting is gang-related.

Hinshaw announces new COVID-19 quarantine rules for vaccinated Albertans

EDMONTON — Fully vaccinated Albertans no longer have to quarantine if they are exposed to COVID-19 and are not showing symptoms, the province's chief medical officer of health said Thursday. "While vaccines don't erase all possibility of infection, the data shows the vaccine reduces the amount of virus in the person's body, even if someone does get infected, which further reduces the risk of transmission," said Dr. Deena Hinshaw. She also said people who have had one shot can have their isolation time reduced. Until Thursday, people were legally required to quarantine for 14 days when a close contact was confirmed to have been infected with the virus. Hinshaw said people who have been fully vaccinated for at least two weeks no longer need to isolate as long as they don't show symptoms. If that person is symptomatic they will be required to isolate and get tested. They would no longer need to quarantine if their test is negative, but if it's positive, they must isolate for 10 days after their symptoms started. Hinshaw said for those with one vaccine dose the quarantine period has been reduced to 10 days, or as long as they also don't have symptoms. Those who have a negative PCR test on Day 7 or later can be released from quarantine, but those who test positive must isolate as usual. All the other restrictions still apply to people who haven't had any vaccine and those returning from international travel, Hinshaw said. She noted that almost 51 per cent of Albertans age 12 and older have received at least one dose of the vaccine. But she stressed that public health restrictions are still in place and must be followed to keep infection rates down. "We are gaining momentum, but it is fragile and we cannot afford to take this (long) weekend off from following the rules," she said. There were 812 new COVID-19 cases reported Thursday in Alberta and four new deaths. Since the pandemic began more than a year ago, a total of 2,162 people have died from the virus in the province. Hinshaw said there were 665 people in hospital, including 177 in intensive care. She said the province is working on a centralized vaccine booking system to ease the burden on pharmacies and to help prevent abuse of the system. Alberta Health Services (AHS) said in a tweet Wednesday that it was monitoring vaccination no-shows following claims on social media that some people are booking several times to try to stop others from getting a shot. The agency said it shared the information with police and is making sure participating pharmacies are aware of the claims. "At this time, AHS is not seeing an increase in no-shows. On any given day, no-shows account for approximately one per cent of the total number booked for an immunization," it said in an emailed statement Thursday. The Alberta Pharmacists' Association said it did not have information on the matter and could not comment. This report by The Canadian Press was first published May 20, 2021. Daniela Germano, The Canadian Press

"Goodbye masks" - Hungary to lift most COVID-19 curbs, PM Orban says

Hungary will lift most remaining COVID-19 curbs, including a night-time curfew, as soon as the number of those vaccinated reaches 5 million this weekend, Prime Minister Viktor Orban said on Friday. Orban told state radio that masks would no longer need to be worn in public, and gatherings of up to 500 people could be held in the open air, with events in closed spaces open to though to people with vaccination cards. "This means we have defeated the third wave of the pandemic," Orban said, adding that the time has come to say "goodbye to masks" in public places.

Delayed justice? One officer, 2 fatal shootings

Two fatal shootings by the same police officer in a wealthy California suburb have cast a spotlight on what activists are calling a case of delayed justice and its deadly consequences. Danville Officer Andrew Hall shot the men in 2018 and 2021. (May 20)

Bank of Canada reminds us of more things to worry about

Whether you are a teacher, a student, a medical professional or just coping with the COVID-19 crisis in your daily life, there are frequent reports about how the pandemic is increasing our levels of anxiety. Rather than trying to add to our troubles, the Bank of Canada's latest report on Canada's financial vulnerabilities is intended to help us avoid some major ones. And what the bank's governor, Tiff Macklem, outlined at a news conference on Thursday was not what will certainly go wrong, but what could go wrong if we're not careful. "The biggest domestic vulnerabilities are those linked to imbalances in the housing market and high household indebtedness," Macklem told reporters. "These are not new, but they have intensified." The Bank of Canada governor has plenty to keep him awake at night. The report was not just about housing. Macklem also worries Canadian businesses may have become too used to cheap borrowing in the bond market, something that could end without anything to replace it. He frets that investors have failed to account for what climate change could do to the price of their assets. He is concerned about cybercrime. Also, the rising Canadian dollar and how it could hurt exports. Serious damage, and not just to borrowers But the big worry this time was real estate. The message was clear, if sometimes couched in central-bank-speak. If people don't stop bidding up the price of houses, Canadians are already so loaded with mortgage debt that an unexpected change in the market could do serious damage not just to "overstretched" borrowers with enormous loans, but to the entire economy. That's why the first and biggest risk outlined by the bank in its report was "a large decline in household income and house prices" caused by an external trigger event. It is hard to be sure what form such a trigger event could take. Macklem referred at one point to a "sharp repricing of risk." Such an event might lead to, say, a sudden rise in global interest rates, a stock market crash or a weakening of global trade. Maybe even the collapse of bitcoin. As the Bank of Canada illustrated in the graphic below, once triggered, already high levels of indebtedness could have a circular impact, pushing house prices down, reducing incomes and spreading through the entire economy. This is a financial system review graphic from the Bank of Canada's latest report. It shows what could happen if some kind of triggering economic event were to impact the housing market.(Bank of Canada) Asked if he was responsible for inflated house prices by keeping interest rates too low, Macklem offered a warning: "Interest rates have been very low, and at some point they are going to go back up." While he thinks this week's high inflation rates are temporary, he made it clear that if inflation does not come back down on its own, the bank is still committed to pushing it back to the two per cent range. That could mean even higher rates. Tougher stress tests coming Although it is the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (OSFI), not the Bank of Canada, that imposes "stress tests" designed to limit the amount people can borrow, the two bodies work closely together. Shortly after Macklem's news conference, OFSI put out a news release of its own confirming that as of June 1, the agency would go ahead with a plan to make it harder to get a loan. Borrowers will have to prove they have the income to pay a minimum of 5.25 per cent interest, even if their lender offers a much lower rate. That is not a plan that will satisfy everyone, including the many young families that Macklem said send him letters each week saying they have been squeezed out of the housing market. But they would likely be even more disappointed if the current frenzy to buy a home led to what the Bank of Canada report refers to as "a correction in prices in the future," potentially leading to the vicious circle described above. The housing market was far from the only concern Bank of Canada governor Tiff Macklem discussed at yesterday's news conference(Don Pittis/CBC) Despite his warnings, Macklem was not entirely gloomy. He pointed to the fact the Canadian economy had proven itself resilient in the face of widespread COVID-19 restrictions and lockdowns. "Vulnerabilities need not lead to serious problems," the central banker told the online gathering of reporters. "Some will work themselves out before bad things happen." But with so much at stake, including the health of the Canadian property market and all the jobs it supports, hoping for the best really isn't enough. "The lesson from history is that if left unchecked, vulnerabilities can lead to calamities," Macklem said. Asked what else he could do besides hiking interest rates to slow down the property market, Macklem did not mention the very thing he did yesterday: he can try to scare the bejesus out of us. Follow Don Pittis on Twitter @don_pittis

Canada has ordered more than 400 million COVID-19 vaccine shots: Here's the progress report

The race to vaccinate Canadians against COVID-19 has ramped up considerably in recent weeks as shots begin to flow to virtually all age groups nationwide. Nearly 50 per cent of the population has had one dose, vaulting Canada near the top of the global rankings, but fewer than five per cent have had the two doses needed to build substantial immunity against the deadly novel coronavirus. To vaccinate all Canadians, the government has signed contracts with seven different vaccine makers — six foreign, one domestic — with options to purchase more than 400 million doses. Six months into the immunization campaign, some companies have already delivered on those contracts while others, like Medicago, Novavax and Sanofi-GSK, are in various stages of development. Some of these products won't be available until late 2021 at the earliest, leaving their role in Canada unclear. Here's a look at where the seven companies stand in their efforts to produce and ship COVID-19 vaccines to Canada. Pfizer-BioNTech Pfizer, the workhorse of Canada's vaccination effort, has been arriving at a steady pace since March. The New York-based company idled its Belgian plant in January to revamp production lines to pump out many more shots to meet global demand, a necessary fix that temporarily brought shipments to a halt. Since then, the company has been delivering its mRNA product like clockwork. More than 15 million Pfizer shots have been distributed to the provinces and territories so far with at least two million more arriving each week until the end of July. There will be some extra doses shipped in June with deliveries rising to 2.4 million a week that month. Canada has procured a total of 48 million doses from the pharmaceutical giant, enough to fully vaccinate 24 million people. At least 18 million of those shots will arrive in the July-through-September period. The expectation is most of those shots will be used to administer second doses for the millions of Canadians who've already had a shot of this product. Boxes containing the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine are prepared in December to be shipped at the Pfizer Global Supply Kalamazoo manufacturing plant in Portage, Mich.(Morry Gash/The Associated Press) Some provinces have already begun to detail when those second shots will be administered while others, notably Ontario, have said little. Because it's the only product currently authorized by Health Canada for use among people aged 12 to 15, the Pfizer shot will be crucial in getting adolescents vaccinated ahead of a safe return to school. As of this month, the company is now shipping shots to Canada from its Kalamazoo, Mich. plant, which is just 220 kilometres from the Detroit-Windsor border crossing. This means Canadian deliveries will be better protected against European efforts to control vaccine exports. Moderna The mRNA shot from this Massachusetts-based company is the second-most frequently used COVID-19 vaccine product in Canada. The company, which had never previously brought a drug to market, has had trouble meeting insatiable global demand for its product. While Canada was among the first countries to sign a procurement deal with Moderna, the company has had to cancel shipments or punt deliveries to a later date as it struggles with production issues. Moderna is reliant on third-party finish-and-fill companies to churn out its product and ship it overseas.(Tyson Koschik/CBC) Because the U.S. government invested heavily in the early research and development of this product, Moderna had to send a certain number of doses to the American marketplace, an obligation that has resulted in reduced shipments to other countries. The company, which has few facilities on its own, is reliant on third-party finish-and-fill companies to churn out its product and ship it overseas. There have been delays in the quality-assurance process because of a shortage of skilled labour in Europe. The company was expected to send some 12.3 million doses to Canada in the second quarter, for a total of 14.3 million shots in the first six months of this year. However, that number is now in question. The new military commander leading vaccine logistics signalled Thursday that fewer shots — potentially eight to 10 million less than planned — could be delivered next month because of ongoing delays with Moderna shipments. There are already early signs that the company might not hit that target. A staff member sets up an antibody production line at the Ibex building of Lonza, where the Moderna mRNA vaccine is to be produced, in Visp, Switzerland, last September.(Denis Balibouse/Reuters) Speaking to reporters late last month, Maj.-Gen Dany Fortin, the military commander who was in charge of vaccine logistics before he was abruptly removed, said Moderna will come "as close as possible" to the number of doses it initially promised to deliver in the April-through-June period. When asked if the company was still on track to deliver those 12.3 million doses, a spokesperson for Moderna told CBC News: "We remain in close contact with our federal government partners." "Moderna continues to scale up vaccine manufacturing and remains fully focused on delivering vaccines to customers in Canada and around the world," said Patricia Gauthier, the general manager for Moderna's Canadian operations. In all, Canada has ordered a total of 44 million doses from the company.. AstraZeneca-Oxford Most Canadians are now familiar with the concerns raised about this product. While safe and effective, the National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) has said the viral vector shot from AstraZeneca-Oxford is not the "preferred" product because of the risk of a very rare but serious condition that could develop after vaccination. At last count, there were 21 confirmed cases of vaccine-induced thrombotic thrombocytopenia (VITT) among the 2.1 million people who've already had a dose. VITT is blood clots combined with low levels of blood platelets following immunization. The provinces have stopped using AstraZeneca for first doses, but some 665,000 shots from COVAX, the global vaccine sharing alliance, arrived last week. Dr. Theresa Tam, Canada's chief public health officer, has said these shots will be used for second doses. Early data from the United Kingdom suggest the risk of VITT after second doses of AstraZeneca is likely lower than the risk after first doses. The vaccine maker recommends a four-to-12-week interval between the first and second shot. Research suggests waiting longer may actually produce a better immune response. There should be enough AstraZeneca-Oxford vaccine on hand by Canada Day to vaccinate about 75 per cent of the 2.1 million people who've already received a first dose.(Jeff McIntosh/Canadian Press) Beyond the recent shipment from COVAX, Canada is also set to receive at least one million doses from AstraZeneca itself before the end of June. Between those two shipments, there will be enough product on hand by Canada Day to vaccinate about 75 per cent of the 2.1 million people who've already received a first dose. Canada has ordered up to 10 million doses from AstraZeneca, so more shots are expected to arrive in the months ahead. Total distributed doses Canada has also purchased some 1.5 million doses of a product biologically identical to AstraZeneca but manufactured by the Serum Institute of India. Because that country is in the throes of a deadly wave of new cases, the Indian government has blocked all exports. The institute has said it could resume global deliveries at year's end. Johnson & Johnson Like AstraZeneca, NACI has said the viral vector vaccine from Johnson & Johnson is less preferable than the mRNA products from Pfizer and Moderna. But some experts have suggested this one-shot vaccine could be helpful in vaccinating more vulnerable groups who may be less likely to return for a second shot. Canada received some 300,000 doses of the J&J vaccine in late April, but these products have not yet been shipped to the provinces because Health Canada has ordered the shots be quarantined. Boxes of the COVID-19 vaccine from the U.S. pharmaceutical company Johnson & Johnson are pictured at a central vaccine warehouse in Germany. The vaccine only requires one dose.(Ronny Hartmann/dpa via AP Photo) The regulator is verifying the safety of these doses because they were made at a Maryland plant that has had an uneven track record of producing vaccines. Workers at Emergent BioSolutions inadvertently ruined 15 million doses of the J&J vaccine by mixing up materials intended for the production of AstraZeneca shots. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has since ordered the Baltimore plant to stop all production. A sign outside the Emergent BioSolutions site in Winnipeg is pictured in February. During an appearance before a U.S. congressional committee this week, the CEO of Emergent said more than 100 million doses of Johnson & Johnson's vaccine are on hold as regulators check them for possible contamination. (Gary Solilak/CBC) During an appearance before a congressional committee this week, the CEO of Emergent said more than 100 million doses of J&J's vaccine are now on hold as regulators check them for possible contamination. Canadian officials have said very little about what work is underway now to ensure the shots we've received are safe. Novavax Another Maryland-based company, Novavax, has produced a vaccine that has shown a lot of promise in trial results. The shot, which is given in two doses, was shown to be 89.3 per cent effective at preventing COVID-19 in participants in its Phase 3 clinical trial. Novavax has been submitting data to Health Canada on a rolling basis since January, but little is known about when the vaccine will be available. Multiple requests for comment from CBC News have gone unanswered. Novavax has repeatedly pushed back production forecasts and has struggled to access raw materials and the equipment needed to make its vaccine. Earlier this month, the company again delayed its timeline for ramping up COVID-19 vaccine production and said it does not expect to seek regulatory authorization for the shot in the United States, the U.K. and Europe until the third quarter of 2021. The company has already started producing its shots ahead of regulatory approvals, with more than 300 people working around the clock at a Fujifilm Diosynth Biotechnologies factory in Billingham, England. Medicago The federal government has signed a contract with one Canadian company for vaccine doses, Quebec-City-based Medicago. Last fall, Ottawa floated $173 million to help Medicago develop its COVID-19 vaccine and build a large plant to produce it. On Tuesday, Medicago, which is developing the product in combination with GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), reported positive early clinical trial data on its plant-derived COVID-19 vaccine. A Phase 3 trial for Medicago with 30,000 volunteers is already underway in Canada, the U.S. and the U.K., and it will expand to Brazil this week. Medicago’s plant-based COVID-19 vaccine candidate is now in Phase 3 clinical trials.(Medicago) A spokesperson for Medicago told CBC News they expect to analyze and publish the data in early summer, then make a submission for regulatory approval from Health Canada. "Pending approval, we would then begin production," Alissa Von Bargen said in a statement. If approved, the Medicago vaccine is likely to be the first COVID-19 shot produced in Canada. The bulk material will mainly be manufactured at Medicago's North Carolina facility, but the vials are filled and finished with the GSK pandemic adjuvant in Canada. An adjuvant is a substance used in vaccines to help aid in the immune response. Canada signed a deal in October to buy 20 million doses of Medicago's vaccine, with an option for 56 million more. But most Canadians will likely be vaccinated before Medicago's shot is approved. Sanofi-GSK The two large pharmaceutical companies with major operations in Canada, GSK and Sanofi, co-developed a COVID-19 vaccine product but announced a "delay" last year after it failed to produce sufficient results in clinical trials. The two companies have since restarted the trial process and are currently in Phase 2 of testing. The third and final phase isn't expected to begin for a number of weeks, meaning these shots likely won't be available for use until next year.

Research shows humans, not geology, source of high arsenic levels in Yellowknife

New research debunks a lingering belief that "natural arsenic" significantly contributes to high levels of the toxic substance around Yellowknife. For many years, elevated levels have been attributed to natural bedrock geology, but geology experts from Queen's University say it's not so. "The high values are due to pollution from human impact … Most of the emissions are from the roasters at Giant and Con [mines]," said Dr. Heather Jamieson, a professor and geology expert from Queen's. During more than half a century of mining, 19,000 tonnes of toxic arsenic trioxide dust went up the stacks of smelters at the Giant and Con gold mines and settled on the once-pristine land and lakes in and around Yellowknife. "Most of the emissions are from the roasters at Giant and Con [mines]," says Dr. Heather Jamieson, a professor and geology expert from Queen's University.(Submitted by Heather Jamieson) The gold mining industry began in the late 1930s. Giant Mine closed in 2004, leaving a toxic legacy that has deeply changed the lives of people in Nɽilo. The new study establishes a much lower figure for naturally occurring arsenic — five times less than previous estimates for the Yellowknife region. They used tools that can distinguish particles of arsenic trioxide released from Giant Mine and Con Mine roaster stacks from natural arsenic in soil samples. Jamieson said the sampling work was done by two masters students who collected 479 soil samples which were then analyzed under a scanning electron microscope at the university. Two master's students collected 479 soil samples around the city, which were then analyzed under a scanning electron microscope at the university.(Jon Oliver/Submitted) It found arsenic trioxide in 80 per cent of samples as far as 30 kilometres from Yellowknife and researchers say this substance is a marker of mining activity. "Within about 15 kilometres of Yellowknife, arsenic is predominantly hosted in arsenic trioxide … which is an arsenic mineral that's associated with mining emissions in the region," said Michael Palmer, the study's lead author and manager of the North Slave Research Centre at Yellowknife Aurora Research Institute. "Understanding how the landscape will recover, how arsenic is dispersed and when that is going to happen is a very important and challenging question," he said. A view of the Giant Mine site outside of Yellowknife in 2017. (Chantal Dubuc/CBC) When the researchers were preparing to dig into the state of soil around Yellowknife, they met with Yellowknives Dene, with elders and the N.W.T.'s lands department, said Palmer. "We really wanted to get a sense of where people wanted information from," said Palmer. The study published in the international research journal Science of the Total Environment, calls for further research, such as where arsenic accumulates on the land and how long it will last, said Palmer. "If we think of … the recovery of this landscape," he said, "future work should be devoted to understanding how much arsenic is still washing off the landscape from these soils into lakes and rivers. And what's its ultimate fate when it ends up in lakes and rivers?" 𧷯initely from mining emissions' In the last year, Yellowknives Dene have held a demonstration at Giant Mine to demand a federal apology for the impacts to culture and life through loss of access to traditional lands. Bobby Drygeese, chairperson of the board of directors for Det'on Cho, the economic development arm of Yellowknives Dene First Nation, walks with a sign at a demonstration in Yellowknife in December of 2020. (Avery Zingel/CBC) The First Nation says a recent federal response to a petition that garnered more than 32,000 signatures simply "repeats talking points they presented to media before [YKDFN] had our first meeting with senior officials in January 2021." They say the response fails to reflect over three months of discussions between the Yellowknives Dene and government representatives. Giant Mine poisoned areas used by the Yellowknives Dene for harvesting, berry picking and other cultural activities, all infringements for which they've never been compensated. While science has dug into the question of arsenic distribution since the 1970s, it hasn't, until now, scientifically proven that the arsenic levels are caused by human activity. "There are certain arsenic minerals that are definitely from mining emissions versus other minerals that are predominantly natural," said Palmer.

HGTV's Nicole Curtis wins dispute over Detroit home project

DETROIT (AP) — The star of HGTV’s “Rehab Addict Rescue” has won a dispute with Detroit over ownership of a blighted home. Nicole Curtis said she has spent at least $60,000 to start fixing up the home after buying it from a couple for $17,000. But the Detroit Land Bank Authority stepped forward and said it was the actual legal owner. Wayne County Judge Tim Kenny ruled in Curtis' favor, saying her renovation group had recorded a title to the property before the Land Bank did, The Detroit News reported Friday. Kenny told Curtis to complete the renovation and reduce the risk to the public. Curtis’ Detroit Renovations LLC apparently didn’t know that the house had returned to the Land Bank's control after the previous owners failed to fixed it up. Mayor Mike Duggan has said Curtis was “scammed” by people who didn't legally own the property. But after the court ruling, the mayor called to congratulate her. “As far as we are concerned, the matter is resolved,” Duggan spokesman John Roach said. Curtis' attorney declined to comment. The newspaper said Curtis intends to spend $500,000 to revive the property. The Associated Press

Exclusive: In tactical shift, Iran grows new, loyal elite from among Iraqi militias

Iran has hand picked hundreds of trusted fighters from among the cadres of its most powerful militia allies in Iraq, forming smaller, elite and fiercely loyal factions in a shift away from relying on large groups with which it once exerted influence. The new covert groups were trained last year in drone warfare, surveillance and online propaganda and answer directly to officers in Iran's Quds Force, the arm of its Revolutionary Guards (IRGC) that controls its allied militia abroad. They have been responsible for a series of increasingly sophisticated attacks against the United States and its allies, according to accounts by Iraqi security officials, militia commanders and Western diplomatic and military sources.

Leafs' Tavares discharged from hospital, out 'indefinitely' after frightening collision

The Toronto Maple Leafs say captain John Tavares has been discharged from hospital and will be out of the playoffs "indefinitely" following a frightening collision in Thursday night's game against the Montreal Canadiens. The 30-year-old was taken off the ice on a stretcher and transported to hospital after colliding with Montreal's Ben Chiarot in the first period. He was hit in the head by Corey Perry's knee as he fell. The Leafs say Tavares was thoroughly examined and assessed by the neurological team at St. Michael's Hospital and the club's medical director. "He was kept overnight for observation and is now resting at home under the care and supervision of team physicians. Tavares will be out indefinitely," said a post on Twitter. Montreal defeated Toronto 2-1 in Game 1 to take an early lead in the first-round series. It's the teams' first post-season matchup since 1979. WATCH | Graphic Warning: Maple Leafs' Tavares exits Game 1 on stetcher: Toronto head coach Sheldon Keefe provided an update following the game, saying Tavares was conscious and communicating well. The centre had given a thumbs up as he was wheeled off the ice. "It's a big loss for us, but we've got lots of depth," he said. "Good teams overcome these types of things. That's going to be on us." Toronto and Montreal next play on Saturday. WATCH | CBC Sports' Jamie Strashin gives lastest update on Leafs' captain:

Ontario to start administering second doses of AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine next week

The Ontario government announced Friday morning that the province will begin to administer second doses of AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccines.

Why Palestinians say this Gaza conflict is different

Nael Mosallam's family apartment shakes from incoming Israeli airstrikes and naval barrages around Gaza City's Al Shati refugee camp on the Mediterranean coast. Hospitals are at a breaking point in the densely packed coastal enclave of Gaza, swamped with wounded of all ages, and water and power infrastructure, crippled by years of wars and blockade, is collapsing again. Trapped at home with nowhere safe to go, Mosallam, 43, is worried about what's to come in the recent escalation of fighting between Israel and Hamas, the militant group that controls Gaza. The translator and comedic actor endures airstrike after airstrike while watching news on his phone about the unrest on the streets of Israel, East Jerusalem and the West Bank. In scenes unprecedented during past periods of escalating military conflict in Gaza, when civil unrest would have dissipated as fighting escalated, thousands of Palestinians are confronting Israeli soldiers at checkpoints in the occupied West Bank and protesting and rioting on the streets of Jewish-Arab Israeli cities and occupied East Jerusalem. On Tuesday, a general strike by Palestinians swept across parts of Israel and the occupied territories. Israeli security members detain a Palestinian woman at Damascus Gate just outside Jerusalem's Old City during a demonstration held by Palestinians to show solidarity amid Israel-Hamas fighting.(Ammar Awad/Reuters) Outside Israel, Palestinians in Jordan and Lebanon living in refugee camps built for those who were forced or fled from their homes during and after the 1948 Arab-Israeli war have protested at Israel's borders and rocketfire was exchanged across the Israeli-Lebanese border. "I feel like we are all in the same situation," Mosallam said. A rabbi inspects the damage inside a torched religious school in the central Israeli city of Lod last Tuesday following a night of violent confrontation between Arab and Jewish Israelis. Riots in several Israeli cities have left behind a trail of damaged schools, synagogues, cars and homes and instilled fear in residents.(Ahmad Gharbali/AFP/Getty Images) Speaking before Thursday's announcement of a ceasefire, Mosallam said he feared a repeat of the prolonged ferocity of the 2014 war, which also escalated from clashes between Palestinians and Jewish settlers in East Jerusalem but ended in a full-scale Israeli ground invasion of Gaza. That war claimed the lives of 2,251 Palestinians over seven weeks, according to the UN Human Rights Committee (Palestinian fighters have not officially claimed casualty numbers) 67 soldiers and five civilians in Israel were killed, according to the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The recent conflict, which ignited over attempts by Jewish settlers to evict several Palestinian families in the Sheikh Jarrah neighbourhood of East Jerusalem, has killed at least 230 Palestinians in Gaza, including 65 children, and wounded 1,710, according to the Gaza Ministry of Health, which does not break the numbers down into fighters and civilians. At least 12 civilians in Israel have been killed, including two children, and 300 wounded, according to Israeli emergency services. Mosallam says he has taken some solace in seeing Palestinians outside Gaza rise up in protest. "I've stopped feeling alone, like it's only Gaza," he said. "It feels like the people are waking up." WATCH | CBC speaks with residents of Israel and Gaza living through the conflict: Those sentiments, however, last only as long as the lull between airstrikes. When a drone strike hit his neighbour last Thursday, he felt the oxygen sucked out of his apartment in the vacuum created by the nearby exploding shell. "There was no warning," he said on a video call with CBC, the scream of Hamas rockets being fired at Israel in the background. "His mom and sister are dead." The next day, an Israeli airstrike on a three-storey apartment building down the street killed 10 members of the same family, eight children and two women. A Palestinian man inspects the damage of a six-storey building destroyed by an early-morning Israeli airstrike in Gaza City Tuesday.(Khalil Hamra/The Associated Press) ɺ unity of purpose' For Palestinian citizens of Israel and those in occupied East Jerusalem and the West Bank, the misery Mosallam and other Gazans are enduring has pushed their own frustrations to the breaking point. "There is a unity of purpose, a unity of suffering everywhere," Husam Zomlot, 47, Palestinian ambassador to the U.K. and an adviser to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, said from London. "The question is why do Palestinians have to come to the streets." A protest against Israeli airstrikes on Gaza following Friday prayers at the Dome of the Rock Mosque in the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound in the Old City of Jerusalem. An Israeli police raid on the compound is one of the events that precipitated the recent escalation.(Mahmoud Illean/The Associated Press) Mariam Barghouti, 27, has been witnessing the protests and clashes from her home in Ramallah, the administrative capital in the West Bank, surrounded by Israeli settlements and a wall built in the early 2000s to cut it off from Jerusalem, 15 kilometres away. "We are doing what we can on the ground. What can change is for the rest of the world to also move," said the writer and researcher as West Bank protests, which have now killed at least 12, spread. She and other advocates for Palestinian rights see anything short of sanctioning Israel as giving it tacit approval to continue the status quo. They want the U.S. and other allies to exert economic and diplomatic pressure on Israel and withhold military aid rather than issuing statements of support and condemnation such as the one Canada did earlier this week. A Palestinian woman throws a rock toward Israeli forces at the Hawara checkpoint, south of the West Bank city of Nablus, Tuesday. Protests and clashes in the occupied territory have spread and so far claimed at least 12 lives.(Majdi Mohammed/The Associated Press) "We have been hearing these statements for 25 years, and they don't do anything," she said. "They alleviate governments from their actual responsibility." Barghouti agrees with Zomlut that in this recent escalation, the differences between Palestinians living under Israeli military rule in the West Bank, those in blockaded Gaza and those living in Israel feel less stark than a shared experience of oppression. However, while agreeing with the message, she is no fan of the messenger. "Now, no one is talking about any Palestinian 𧾬tional leadership,'" she said, referring to the Fatah-dominated Palestine Liberation Organization and Hamas, the rival movements in power in the West Bank and Gaza, respectively. "Palestinians are saying, 'This hasn't worked. Maybe it's time to listen to our actual voices.'" Palestinians clash with Israeli forces at the Hawara checkpoint.(Majdi Mohammed/The Associated Press) Tired of waiting for diplomatic solution Barghouti says young Palestinians no longer see the Palestinian leadership as representing their interests, in part because, after decades in power, they have failed to secure their freedom, and have also given up waiting on Arab states or the West to intervene on their behalf. "We don't have the chance to wait for any diplomatic solution," she said. "It's a fight or flight moment, and Palestinians are choosing to fight." While Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza have lived under Israeli military rule since the 1967 Arab-Israeli war, military control over Palestinians who remained in what became Israel in 1948 ended in 1966. They make up 20 per cent of the population, enjoy voting and individual legal rights but have experienced some structural discrimination when it comes to things such as land rights or policing. The 2018 Israeli nation state law makes clear that only Jews have the right to national self-determination in Israel. Rockets are launched from Gaza Strip toward Israel last Thursday. Hamas, which controls Gaza, and other Palestinian militants have launched more than 3,000 rockets at Israel in the recent round of fighting.(Hatem Moussa/The Associated Press) Aida Touma-Suleiman, 56, a Palestinian member of the Israeli parliament from the left-wing Arab-Jewish unity party Hadash, said she was stunned by the violence that broke out on the streets of her hometown of Acre and other mixed Israeli cities, such as Haifa, Lod and Ramla, where Jewish nationalists and Arab citizens have clashed and riots have left behind a trail of damaged schools, synagogues, cars and homes and instilled fear in residents. "It's just young people who are going out and confronting," she said from Acre. "They understand that the state is telling them that they are a second- or third-class citizen, an unwelcome resident." Israeli forces detain a group of Arab Israelis in the mixed Jewish-Arab city of Lod after they clashed with Israeli far-right extremists. (Ahmad/Gharbali/AFP/Getty Images) Israelis stand outside a restaurant that was attacked the previous night in rioting in the Mediterranean city of Bat Yam last Thursday.(Gil-Cohen-Magen/AFP/Getty Images) Communal violence spreads in mixed cities Oren Ziv, 35, a correspondent for the left-leaning +972 Magazine covering Israel and the Occupied Territories, was one of the first journalists on the ground in Lod as violence erupted in the wake of protests over the security crackdown at the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound in East Jerusalem, which was one of the events that kicked off the current round of fighting. He watched the riots spread and escalate as far-right Jewish settlers who came to the city from the West Back clashed with Palestinian residents. Two Arab residents and one Jewish man were killed. Family and friends in Moshav Hadid, Israel, mourn during the funeral Tuesday of Yigal Yehoshua, an Israeli man who died of wounds sustained during Arab-Jewish violence in the mixed city of Lod.(Ronen Zvulun/Reuters) "What I am seeing is the most-severe wave of violence between civilians that we have seen since 1948," he said on the phone from Tel Aviv. "We never saw such a thing. We know there is anger, we know there is frustration, but it takes a certain combination of things.… When I speak to [Palestinian youth in Lod], they talk about years of frustration." Mourners at the funeral of Israeli Arab Khalil Awaad and his daughter Nadine, 16, in the village of Dahmash near the Israeli city of Lod. A rocket fired from Gaza Strip hit their house and killed both.(Heidi Levine/The Associated Press) Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has decried the violence. "What is happening in Israel's cities over the past few days is unacceptable," he tweeted last week. "We have seen Arab rioters set fire to synagogues and vehicles and attack police officers. They are attacking peaceful and innocent citizens. This is something that we cannot accept it is anarchy.… nothing justifies the lynching of Jews by Arabs, and nothing justifies the lynching of Arabs by Jews." Omar Shakir sees the unprecedented unrest as the violent convulsions of an entrenched, unequal system. The Israel and Palestine director of Human Rights Watch authored a recent report, disputed by Israeli officials and some of Israel's allies, that accused Israel of enforcing apartheid policies in the occupied territories and within Israel. Jacob Simona stands by his burning car, destroyed during clashes between Israeli Arabs and police in the city of Lod last Tuesday.(Heidi Levine/The Associated Press) "The most-terrifying aspect, outside of the bloodshed in Gaza and the rockets being fired by Hamas authorities, has been the communal violence that has broken out inside Israel," said Shakir, who was expelled from Israel in 2019 for allegedly violating a state boycott law. "[It] underscores the reality that Human Rights Watch documented of a government policy geared across all areas of Israeli control to ensure the well-being of one people at the expense of another." The Israeli government, which called the report's claims "preposterous and false," is adamant that Palestinian citizens of Israel enjoy equal individual rights. Netanyahu has said in the past that no one in Israel is a second-class citizen. WATCH | Clashes and protests erupt in mixed Jewish-Arab cities in Israel: Politics at play on both sides Yossi Mekelberg, an associate fellow with the Middle East and North Africa program at Chatham House based in Bristol, U.K., said he's relieved his own brother in Tel Aviv has so far remained safe amid the more than 3,000 rockets Palestinian militants have fired at Israel but doesn't mince words about what he fears is happening in his home country. "Under the surface, it's bubbling to a boiling point for a while," he said. "There are some that conveniently refuse to see that, and I think the biggest wake-up call is what is happening inside Israel." Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, pictured in Lod last Thursday, has decried the violence between Jews and Arabs in mixed Israeli cities, saying 'nothing justifies the lynching of Jews by Arabs, and nothing justifies the lynching of Arabs by Jews.'(Yuval Chen/Yediot Ahronot/The Associated Press) He says Hamas feels it has achieved its political objectives of showing it can act on behalf of Palestinians in East Jerusalem, "strike anywhere . and inflict suffering on Israelis." Netanyahu, who is facing corruption charges while scrambling to form a governing coalition, will, Meckelberg says, use the conflict with Hamas to hold on to power. "No one is better than Netanyahu in exploiting a situation like this," Mekelberg said. "The question is, can [Israeli society] become reflective and say, 'Is it the lack of solution that brings hate?' They might reach the exactly opposite conclusion that the other side only understands force, and we just haven't used enough force, which worries me, actually." WATCH | Calls for ceasefire increase as toll from Israeli-Hamas violence mounts: LISTEN | Analysts discuss the implications of the recent escalation of violence:

U.S. Attorney General Garland weighs release of Trump-era obstruction memo

U.S. Attorney General Merrick Garland faces a Monday deadline to decide whether to appeal a court order criticizing his predecessor William Barr, an early test of his willingness to defend the Justice Department's acts during Donald Trump's presidency. U.S. District Judge Amy Berman Jackson gave the Justice Department until May 24 to appeal a decision she issued earlier this month that faulted Barr for how he publicly summarized Special Counsel Robert Mueller's 2019 report and ordered the release of a related internal memo. A group of U.S. Senate Democrats on May 14 urged Garland not to appeal Jackson's decision, saying in a letter that Barr's actions need to be exposed quickly.

Nunavut RCMP investigating homicide death of The Grizzlies actor Emerald MacDonald

Police in Nunavut are asking the public for help in an investigation into the death of a woman in Kugluktuk, Nunavut, earlier this month. RCMP say the body of Emerald MacDonald was found at a cabin outside of the hamlet on May 3. Police have ruled her death a homicide. In a news release, police say MacDonald was last seen in Kugluktuk on April 30, as she was buying supplies to go to her family's cabin for the weekend. She then traveled by snowmobile to the cabin on Inutkoakakvik Island (Old Man Island). Police say that's where she was last seen alive. MacDonald became well known for her role in The Grizzlies, a 2018 film about a lacrosse team in Kugluktuk. The film is based on the true story of youth overcoming intergenerational trauma from residential schools, suicide and other struggles, and it was co-produced by MacDonald's sister, Stacey Aglok MacDonald. A statement on the movie's Facebook page last week said Emerald MacDonald was a "shining talent." Ben Schnetzer and Emerald MacDonald in a still from the 2018 film, The Grizzlies. (Shane Mahood/Mongrel Media) "Emerald's performance was celebrated across the country, Europe and the world, but most important to her was that she made her community proud," the statement reads. MacDonald's sister also posted a tribute to her on Facebook. "She was a fearless, brave young woman who had so much more love, joy and talent to offer. She was taken too soon, but her love and light lives on in our hearts and on our screens," wrote Stacey Aglok MacDonald. Police are asking anybody with information, or who may have seen or heard anything on the land or around MacDonald's cabin, to contact Kugluktuk RCMP at 867-982-0123, or Crime Stoppers at 1-800-222-8477 (TIPS).

Nelson Mandela’s Favourite Oxtail Stew and Dumplings

Nobel Peace Prize Winner. Human Rights Warrior. Peace Icon.

Nelson Mandela was born Rolihlahla Mandela on this day in 1918. He was given the Christian name Nelson on his first day at school – a traditional practice leftover from colonial Africa. South Africa was then shackled by an apartheid system and for Nelson Mandela, the fight for a democratic South Africa was a long and arduous process – he was imprisoned for his beliefs for nearly 30 years. In 1994, he finally participated in his first election, and served as South Africa’s first democratically elected president till 1999, when he stepped down after a single term.

On his journey to inspire a nation, he has inspired the world.

To celebrate his birthday, we’ve got an oxtail stew recipe from his very own cook. This stew with dumplings were his favourites, and were enjoyed by him and his family during his birthday celebrations.

  1. For the stew
  2. 6 1/2 pounds oxtail, excess fat removed
  3. 1 teaspoon paprika
  4. 1 tablespoon barbecue spice (We used Robertsons)
  5. 5 large carrots, peeled and sliced
  6. 1/2 pound green beans, sliced
  7. 4 medium potatoes, peeled and quartered
  8. 1 packet oxtail soup powder
  9. Salt and white pepper, to taste
  10. For the dumplings
  11. 600g (5 cups) cake flour, plus extra for dusting
  12. 5ml (1 tsp) salt
  13. 5ml (1 tsp) sugar
  14. 10g (1 sachet) instant dry yeast
  15. 300ml (1.2 cups) lukewarm water
  16. 30ml (2 tbsp) butter
  1. For the stew
  2. Place the oxtail in a large pot and fill with just enough cold water to cover. Bring to the boil, and simmer till all the water evaporates. This will render out the fat.
  3. Once the oxtail browns in its own fat, add the paprika and barbecue spice. Top up with just enough water to cover the meat.
  4. Cover and simmer till meat is tender (about 2 hours), topping up water as necessary. The meat should always be immersed in liquid.
  5. Add the remaining vegetables and soup powder, and cook till the vegetables are tender (about 30 minutes).
  6. For the dumplings
  7. Sieve the flour and salt into a bowl and mix in the sugar and yeast. Gradually add the water, mixing until a soft dough is formed.
  8. Knead the dough until smooth and elastic, then cover the bowl with plastic wrap and set aside in a warm place until doubled in size, about 1 hour.
  9. Melt the butter in a pot. Roll the dough into balls the size of your palm.
  10. Place the balls of dough in the melted butter and pour boiling water into the pot to a depth of 2cm.
  11. Cover with a lid and simmer over medium heat until the dumplings are cooked through, about 20 minutes.
  12. As the water evaporates the butter will begin to fry the base of the dumplings – keep an eye on them to check that they don‟t burn and add a little more water if necessary.
  1. The dough for the dumplings should be supple, but still workable by hand. If it's too wet for you to handle, you'll need to knead more flour in.
  2. Although it's not mentioned, we have found that Knorr oxtail soup sachets and Robertson's BBQ spice is very popular and commonly used in Africa. We have used these brands in this particular recipe. Springbok Delights very kindly provided us with the spices and soup sachets for this post.

Hudu hails from North Ghana, and together with his chef – who is from South Ghana – they serve up a sampling of African delights from all over the region. Although dishes vary widely between and regions, Hudu remembers Guinea Fowl as the most prestigious meat that you would serve a guest in his tribe. He says,

“If the president of Africa were to visit my tribe tomorrow, guinea fowl would be what we would feed him.”

Unlike the photo above, the guinea fowl stew would be cooked up in a light soup or light stew, and served up with fufu – a dough-like side made with cassava or yams being boiled and pounded to a paste, as well as a variety of other vegetables and starches.

African Feeling
1/501 King St, Newtown NSW 2042
Phone: 02 9516 3130

Promotional consideration was provided by Springbok Delights


Coffee: From Crop To Cup

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I Ate My Way Through is an online food & travel concierge - a resource for those who travel with their appetites first.

From our humble roots as one of Australia's longest running food blogs, we started as in 2006 and following the demand of our readers for real-world experiences, we began curating food tours and food crawls in 2009. Both brands joined forces in 2013 to truly embrace the potential of online to simplify the process of finding where to go and what to eat.

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Our specially curated guides and food events directory celebrates the kaleidoscope of cultures surrounding us, making it more accessible than ever to support local and independent businesses.

We're always on the prowl for incredible local food experiences and we trust I Ate My Way Through will become your springboard to many fond memories and real connections.

Mandela family fall out as lawyers argue over former president's legacy

Nelson Mandela was "furious" that two of his daughters went behind his back to meddle in the management of his personal wealth, his lawyer has claimed in a case that exposes ugly battles over the lucrative Mandela brand.

Makaziwe and Zenani Mandela allegedly amended a trust deed in secret so they could gain access to the former president's wealth, according to court papers filed by Bally Chuene, the lawyer. The affidavit offers an insight into potential conflicts over the 94-year-old's inheritance. Some members of the family, whose wealth is tied into an opaque web of about 27 trusts, have been accused of exploiting the former president's global celebrity – a charge that Makaziwe rejects.

"Why are people obsessed with the Mandela family?" she demanded . "They are human beings like anyone else. They did not come from Mars. They have ambitions to be successful in life like anyone else, and I don't see anything wrong with that."

Married three times, Nelson Mandela has fathered six children, three of whom are still alive. He has 17 grandchildren. Blessed – or cursed – with Africa's most famous name, many of the Mandelas have gone into business a few have dabbled in politics and two are starring in a much-derided reality TV show, Being Mandela.

Chuene's allegations are a response to Makaziwe, founder of the House of Mandela wine label, and Zenani, the South African ambassador to Argentina, who are seeking to oust him and George Bizos, Mandela's long-time friend and lawyer, from the boards of two investment funds. In an affidavit endorsed by Bizos, Chuene argues that the daughters' motive is to gain access to Mandela's money and sell artworks featuring his handprints. He contends that Makaziwe and Zenani have been trying to gain control of the Mandela Trust and became trustees without Mandela's knowledge since 2005.

Recalling Mandela's reaction when he found out, Chuene states: "Mr Mandela was shocked and used a common expression, 'Good Lord'. He was most infuriated and wanted to know when this had happened. He assured me that no such decision or approval had been given by him."

Mandela called a meeting at his Johannesburg home in April 2005. Makaziwe and Zenani as well as Bizos and Mandela's wife, Graca Machel, attended. "During this meeting, Mr Mandela made it clear to the applicants that he did not want them involved in his affairs," Chuene continues. "Mr Mandela wanted the applicants to resign their trusteeships."

Chuene accuses Mandela's estranged lawyer, Ismail Ayob, of colluding with Makaziwe and Zenani. Mandela "had become concerned that artworks were being sold, ostensibly on his behalf, without his authority or permission", Chuene said.

In June 2006, another meeting was held at Mandela's home. Chuene claims: "The meeting was very heated and, in some respects, unpleasant. Mr Mandela was furious that the applicants had allowed themselves to be used by Mr Ayob and had continued to associate themselves with him, knowing full well that he had terminated his relationship with Mr Ayob.

"He was, moreover, upset that they continued to be involved in his personal affairs despite his clear instructions to them at the previous meeting held in April 2005."

According to Chuene's affidavit, filed at a regional high court in Johannesburg, the wounds reopened in August 2011 when Zenani asked for trust money to be distributed to them and other beneficiaries. Bizos was reluctant to do so, citing legal and tax implications.

He says Bizos's reservations were confirmed after a bank requested the original trust deed for the Mandela Trust. It had been covertly amended by Makaziwe and Zenani in 2005, he alleges.

He goes on to claim: "It was evident from the purported amendment of the trust deed that the applicants had clandestinely and with the assistance of Mr Ayob sought to secure control of the Mandela Trust, contrary not only to the wishes of Mr Mandela, but also to the terms of the trust deed."

On Friday, Makaziwe declined to address the claims directly, while Zenani was unavailable for comment, but Ayob said: "The Mandelas will respond to the allegations within the timeframe allowed."

With the former president frail and his lucidity dwindling, some fear the case is indicative of a looming, unseemly struggle for his legacy. "The squabbles will be bitter and vicious if the first salvoes in this war are anything to go by," warned the Star of South Africa. Mandela's personal wealth is a mystery, but one veteran journalist who has followed him closely put it at 150m rand (£10.5m).

In the court papers, Bizos, 84, raises concerns about how it might be carved up. "As a confidant and adviser of Mr Mandela, I know that his wishes in relation to the three general trusts established by him was that these ought to provide long term assurance, to the extent possible, for the support and education of the beneficiaries, which would include generations to come," he states.

"I was, accordingly, concerned to learn in the last quarter of 2011 of a proposal for the distribution of almost the entire capital of the Mandela Trust in lump sums to groups within the broader Mandela family."

About 27 trusts containing a roughly estimated 50-60m rand were created by Ayob in the 1990s. He admitted that this was "tax advantageous" because it split the income between different individuals, but he denied that was the sole reason.

"It's fairly routine with large families with a lot of money to create trusts for the beneficiaries," he said. "It's very simple: you have one child who says as soon as I get my inheritance, I'm going to get a Jaguar, and you need a balance in terms of who gets the money. Everyone has different needs. It's very difficult if you only have one trust."

The Mandela name can inevitably open doors. The family is active in more than 110 trading companies, according to records compiled by Beeld newspaper. Makaziwe is reportedly an active director in 16, including Nestlé South Africa, although she insists some directorships have lapsed.

An emotional Makaziwe responded to critics who accuse the family of exploitation. "It's our name anyway," she said. "Why should we apologise for our name? I'm in the wine industry. There are families who've been in the wine industry for 500 years and no one says they are cashing in on their name. Every child in this family who wants to use the Mandela name has a right to do, so as long as they do so with honour and integrity and upholding the values of my father."

Noting that many other commercial operators use Mandela's name and image, Makaziwe added: "It's the height of madness. I know what I am. The fact that someone calls me greedy is not going to make me greedy. Are they saying because I'm Nelson Mandela's daughter I'm not allowed to be a company director?"

Not all the Mandelas have been successful. Grandson Zondwa Gaddafi Mandela was a director of Aurora Empowerment Systems, a mining company that went into liquidation and was named by unions as the country's worst employer. Last year Zondwa established a company called Mandela 95TH Birthday (Mandela turns 95 in July). Asked for details of the venture, Zondwa requested that questions be submitted by email, but he had not replied by Friday afternoon. He said the inclusion of Gaddafi in his name was a long story.

The 12 Drinks of Christmas

A spin on the Christmas countdown, with variations on ye olde spiked eggnog.

Dec. 14, 2013— -- The countdown's on for Christmas and then a rockin' New Year's Eve. If you're working on a shopping list for the next few weeks of parties and dinners, here's a spin on the Christmas countdown that will provide plenty of variation on ye olde spiked eggnog. We've pulled together the best new holiday spirits, some wonderful wines, and a couple European classics. Cheers to your merrier Christmas and happiest-ever New Year.

House of Mandela Wines – Timely and SustainableEven before Nelson Mandela's passing, the February 2013 US launch of his family members' eponymous winery grabbed attention. Of all the myriad wines coming from sunny South Africa, the Mandela label garners unparalleled respect for its fair trade policies and environmentally sensitive production. With Nelson Mandela's memory glowing in everyone' hearts right now, you couldn't pick a better host gift than a Mandela wine -- whether the entry level Thembu collection or the premium Royal Reserve.

Bärenjäger Honey & Pear – Drinkable fruitcake, only betterBärenjäger and fruitcake share many characteristics (fruity, honey-sweet, European), but only one's likely to be used as a paperweight after the holidays. The bottle of delicious golden liqueur with the cute bear mascot won't last that long. There are countless cocktail recipes using Bärenjäger, but honestly, you don't need to get fancy with the new Honey & Pear expression. Pour over ice and savor as a sweet aperitif.

Grand Marnier Raspberry Peach – The cognac that's also a fruit basketIt might seem like more of a summer sipper, but House of Marnier Lapostolle released this berry peachy limited edition in September. And if Santa's granting wishes, we'd prefer a bottle of it ($39.99) over a real fruit basket of the season. It's a sophisticated after-dinner spirit that tastes like a summer morning.

Smoked Maple Knob Creek – "Comfort whisky" from the heartlandMaple is the perfect complement to the oaky caramel flavor of bourbon, America's homeland whiskey-designate – and we love that Knob Creek, one of the ultimate Kentucky bourbon distillers, has released one with proper Kentucky cred. (For spirits intelligentsia who wonder how the rules work: Adding maple post-maturation allows this spirit to still qualify as a bourbon.) Rich and desserty -- perfect for chilly nights by the fire.

Classic Glühwein – In plain English, that means "mulled"Students, mixologists and Dickensian carolers ladle this stuff up gleefully during the holiday season. Here's a classic mulled wine recipe from New York's most Austrian fine-dining spot, Wallsé. (If the Austrian varietal Zweigelt is too hard to find, substitute a favorite bargain-bin red.)1 bottle of Zweigelt wine1 orange (sliced in half with rind)1 whole vanilla beanZest of 1 limeSplash of port wineCinnamon stickSpices, 1 tsp of each: Juniper berries, all spice, star anise, pink peppercorns

Directions: Place all ingredients in large pot and simmer for 30 minutes. Before serving, add honey until desired sweetness is reached (approximately 5 Tbsp for whole pot)

Mulled white wine – Finally, a toddy for white wine drinkers!Just like white sangria is the lighter and much less common cousin to red sangria, white mulled wine is the logical alternative to an intensely aromatic mug of mulled red. Only thing is, it's almost impossible to find -- but with this recipe by mixologist Jane Elkins, you can now make a delicious version at home.

Regal Glow6 drops bourbon vanilla extract.5 oz cinnamon syrup.75 oz PAMA Pomegranate Liqueur2 oz Dry Riesling1 oz waterStar anise pod, discarded orange zest

Directions: Mull over a low heat.

CADE Estate Cabernet Sauvignon – The dinner party redYou can't talk politics or religion in polite company, but you can certainly argue over wine all night long…so present your guests with this excellent, elegant Howell Mountain Cabernet label by CADE (a newish, highly acclaimed label from the PlumpJack group) and kick-start a healthy debate about Old World vs. New. or perhaps, Mountain vs. Valley.

Archery Summit Pinot Gris – The dinner party whiteThis inaugural vintage from a critics-choice Willamette Valley wine producer is another win for Oregon…and a win for white wine drinkers as well. It's under $22 a bottle, comes from a winery already known for great Pinot Noir, and will appeal to people who want something new but still familiar: It's lively, fruity, clean, and pairs excellently with Christmas fowl of any kind.

Fonseca Port, Bin 27 – Veddy, veddy BritishSo traditional, so proper, and so sweet you'll feel it in your back teeth. You have to have a bottle of port on hand at the holidays, if only to appease the white-beards in the family tree. And the just-released 2011 vintage was a very good year – so much so that experts predict it'll sell out fast. If you're not a connoisseur, fall back on Bin 27, which is inexpensive, from one of the great old families, and available in a "half bottle" (375 ml).

Cruzan Velvet Cinn – The eggnog substituteEggnog's position may be in jeopardy, and it's all thanks to horchata, a beverage that's been around for more than a thousand years. Only recently, product creators at a couple liquor companies, including Cruzan, had the idea of launching a "rum horchata" category. I.e. mixing the popular Latin American agua fresca (made variously from milk, nuts, seeds, vanilla, cinnamon and other ingredients depending on the country) with rum and bottling it up as a ready-to-drink liqueur. Silly name aside, this new entry from Cruzan is surprisingly delicious, and quite a bit lighter than eggnog.

CIROC Roman Candle – New Year's Eve on the beachEveryone has That One Friend: While everyone else is freezing their bits off and slipping in snow puddles, That One is posting selfies from their Hawaii beach condo. This is the drink they'll be toasting with on New Year's, as you shiver through the local fireworks display. (And if you ARE that friend, congrats. Everyone is mad at you, and wants an invite to your condo.)ROMAN CANDLE 1 oz. CÎROC Red Berry .5 oz. Simple Syrup .5 oz. Lemon Juice 1 Strawberry Muddle fruit with Simple Syrup. Add remaining ingredients. Shake, strain, and serve in a flute, topped with 2 oz sparkling Rose wine. Garnish with a strawberry slice

PAMA – May your 2014 be fortuitousChinese considered the pomegranate a symbol of fertility in Jewish culture, it's auspicious for a fruitful new year and in its native country of ancient Persia (now Iran), warriors who ate pomegranate gained invincibility. Plus, the color of PAMA, the new pomegranate liqueur from Heaven Hill Distilleries, is a beautiful red almost exactly the color of…poinsettias! All in all, it's a tasty, festive and hopefully luck-bringing 12th drink to round out this list and usher in a joyful New Year.

Will Nelson Mandela's Heirs Tarnish His Legacy Through Greed And Fighting?

Nelson Mandela left behind an unparalleled legacy of peace, dignity, and selflessness. If early reports are accurate, some of his children and grandchildren don't exactly subscribe to the same value system. When you think of the man who spent 27 years in jail to bring down apartheid, do you think of clothing lines, reality TV shows, or a wine label? Probably not. But those are a few of the ways that Mandela's heirs have used his name to profit.

English: Nelson Mandela in Johannesburg, Gauteng, on 13 May 2008 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

So perhaps it was no surprise that his children and grandchildren began fighting, even before the South African champion of equal rights passed. Mandela's eldest grandson, Mandla Mandela, was accused of shady maneuvering, hoping to make his gravesite into a profitable tourist attraction. This summer, the New York Times reported that Mandla was sued by other Mandela family members because he felt, as the eldest grandchild, he should decide where Nelson Mandela should be laid to rest.

The problem? Mandla's dream of a tourist site built around the body of his grandfather wasn't what Nelson Mandela wanted. In 1996, Mandela created a hand-written will saying he wanted to be buried in his ancestral home, the remote village of Qunu. Three of his children had died before him and were already buried there . that is, they were until Mandla decided to uproot them and move them to another village, Mvezo, so he could create a Mandela family burial site. Other family members successfully sued Mandla, forcing the bodies to be returned to Qunu, so that Mandela's wishes could be fulfilled.

And that was not the only lawsuit. Here in the US, two of Nelson Mandela's children and several of his grandchildren went to court seeking to oust those in control of a trust fund Mandela had created to benefit his heirs, from sales of his limited edition handprint paintings. The family members backed off the lawsuit, reportedly after Mandela learned of it and was furious. But some predict that it merely foreshadows the legal fights to control Mandela's image, likeness -- and his assets -- which may soon follow after his funeral.

Already, many of his heirs have tried to profit from his name and image. Two granddaughters started a reality show, called "Being Mandela." Others started a House of Mandela wine label. And then there's the company hawking fashion accessories and t-shirts.

Reuters reported how dozens of companies already use the Mandela name in Africa, while his tribal name, Madiba, is in use by more than 140 companies. Many of his family members feel that it is their turn to profit. As Reuters reported, one of his granddaughters said:

"If everybody wants a little bit of the Madiba magic, why is it so sacrilegious for the rightful owners . to use the Madiba magic?"

At stake are multiple trust funds, charitable foundations, and more -- many set up to provide for the education of Mandela's descendants. Because of his importance to Africa, and indeed the entire world, the value of his image, likeness, and holdings are impossible to estimate. But one thing seems certain . at least some of family members will battle for control of as much of it as possible.

Reportedly, the primary battle will be between heirs of Mandela's first and second wives, Evenlyn Mase and Winnie Madikizela. A third battle line will likely form around the trusted advisers of Mandela, whom he put in charge of various trusts and foundations, such as his long-time attorney, George Bizos. A prominent example of family members fighting against advisers in charge of a trust and estate is the Michael Jackson Estate.

The expected legal challenges will likely involve whether certain trust documents Mandela created were done at a time when he was no longer mentally competent, whether he was subjected to undue influence, whether those in control of his trusts and foundations have been guilty of breaches of fiduciary duty, and whether various family members are permitted to profit from his name, likeness and image.

While battles over image and likeness rights are reserved for the rich and famous, the others are common battle-grounds for dysfunctional families, especially in second-marriage situations. Many people mistakenly believe that only the wealthy end up fighting. Sadly, it's far more common than most people realize -- even for families of very modest wealth.

The best source of prevention is good estate planning, done while the person is clearly of sound mind. While the specifics of Nelson Mandela's estate plan are not yet known, one thing is for nearly certain . his estate and legacy will be the center of fighting. And undoubtedly, at least some of the Nelson Mandela heirs will be motivated by profit rather than upholding the great legacy of peace, equality, and selflessness that he left behind.

By Danielle and Andrew Mayoras, co-authors of Trial & Heirs: Famous Fortune Fights! For the latest celebrity and high-profile cases, with tips to protect yourself, your loved ones, and your clients, click here to subscribe to The Trial & Heirs Update. You can “like” them on Facebook and follow them on Twitter and Google+.

Watch the video: Mandela Family Launches Wine Label (June 2022).


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